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Code of Research Ethics

The purpose of this code of ethics is to establish the research ethics related to journal submission to the Korean Society of Sports Biomechanics and compliance thereof by the submitters.

Chapter 1: Code of research ethics

Article 1. Code of ethics for researchers


1. For studies on human subjects, the general rule shall be to provide the subjects with sufficient explanation on the objective(s) of the study, as well as the mental and physical dangers that may occur while participating in the study, and obtain their consent pertaining to such matters.
2. For studies on experimental animals, the general rule shall be to make all necessary efforts to minimize the discomfort and suffering of these animals.
3. The researcher shall adhere to the basic principles of honesty, truthfulness, and accuracy in all research activities and refrain from any misconduct, including fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism.

Article 2. Scope of research misconduct


Research misconduct refers to the practices of fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and/or improper assignment of authorship that can occur during the course of submitting the research proposal, conducting the research, and reporting and publishing the results, as defined below:
1. Fabrication: The practice of falsely creating data or research results that do not exist.
2. Falsification: The practice of distorting research content or results by artificially manipulating research materials, equipment, and processes or by arbitrarily modifying or omitting data.
3. Plagiarism: The practice of taking credit for someone else’s idea(s), research content, and results without proper authorization or citation.
4. Improper assignment of authorship: The practice of not granting authorship to someone who contributed to the research content and/or results without any justifiable reason or granting authorship as a gesture of gratitude or courtesy to someone who did not make any contributions to the research.
5. Multiple publication and redundant publication: Multiple publication refers to the practice of publishing articles with the same content in two or more journals, where 50% or more of the same materials (or subjects) or the same methodology is used. Redundant publication refers to the practice of republishing an article that has already been published in another journal as an original article.
Multiple publication and redundant publication must be distinguished from secondary publication.

<Note>

Secondary publication refers to the practice of publishing an article with the same content in two or more journals, having met the following conditions. This practice is not generally considered research misconduct.
1) The editor(s) of the primary journal must consent, and the editor(s) of the secondary journal must have viewed the article in the primary journal.
2) The secondary publication must acknowledge the fact that it is a secondary publication, and the primary publication must be clearly stated.
3) The content and conclusions must be the same in both the publications, and the secondary publication should normally be a condensed version.
4) The readership of the two journals must be different, and the secondary publication must occur at least one week after the first publication.
5) The author(s) of the two articles must be the same.

Chapter 2: Regulations on the implementation of research ethics

Article 1. The code of research ethics pledge


The applicant for publication shall be required to submit a research ethics pledge form to confirm compliance with the code of research ethics.
1. Current members of the Korean Society of Sports Biomechanics shall be considered as having pledged to this code of ethics upon its effectuation.
2. When submitting an article for publication to the Korean Society of Sports Biomechanics, a pledge form stating “there are no violations of overall research ethics regulations” shall accompany it.

Article 2. Reporting a code of research ethics violation


1. If the members of the Korean Society of Sports Biomechanics, including the members of the journal review committee, recognize a violation of the code of ethics by another member, the member recognizing the problem shall put forth his or her best effort to have the member in violation remedy the problem. Cases where a clear violation of the code of ethics is identified may be reported to the ethics committee.
2. The ethics committee shall not disclose to any outside party the identity of the member reporting the problem.

Article 3. Composition and operation of the Research Ethics Committee


1. For deliberation on issues related to research ethics, the editor-in-chief may call to order a temporary Research Ethics Committee (hereinafter “Committee”) when deemed necessary.
2. The Committee shall comprise 5-7 members, including the Committee chairperson.
3. The members shall be appointed by the chairperson from the candidate(s) nominated by the editorial board.
4. The Committee shall decide on matters with the majority of its acting members in attendance and by majority vote by the attending members. In exceptional cases, power of attorney shall be recognized as attendance when a Committee meeting is called to order, although it shall not be granted voting rights.

5. Any Committee member who is affiliated with the research being investigated may not participate in the review of that research.
6. When necessary for deliberation, the Committee chairperson may request data submission or report(s) from the head researcher or the manager in charge.
7. All Committee members shall uphold the confidentiality of all matters related to the review.

Article 4. Functions of the Committee


The Committee shall review the following items:
1. Matters pertaining to the research ethics of an article brought to attention
2. Matters pertaining to good faith allegation on the integrity of a research project
3. Investigation on research misconduct
4. Matters pertaining to other issues related to research ethics

Article 5. Investigative and review functions of the Committee


1. Any member reported to be in violation of the code of research ethics shall cooperate with the investigation conducted by the Committee. The failure to cooperate with the said investigation in itself shall constitute a violation of the code.
2. The member reported to be in violation of the code of research ethics shall be given ample opportunity for exculpation.
3. Until the final disciplinary decision is made on the code of research ethics violation(s), the Committee members shall not disclose the identity of the member in question to any outside party.

Article 6. Disciplinary measures for code of research ethics violations


1. The Committee shall make the final decision on whether the member in violation of the ethics guidelines will be disciplined and, if so, the form of the disciplinary action that will be taken. The disciplinary results shall be reported to the editorial board.
2. Once the disciplinary action to be taken is decided by the Committee, the chairperson must announce this fact to the Korean Society of Sports Biomechanics.
3. Disciplinary sanction(s) against the member in violation of the code of research ethics shall be kept separately within the internal bylaws of the Committee.

<Disciplinary sanction(s) against the member in violation of the code of research ethics>

The Committee may impose the following disciplinary sanctions on any member who has violated the code of research ethics of the Korean Society of Sports Biomechanics based on the severity of the violation(s):

1. Single incidence of violating the code of research ethics


1) Issue an official letter of warning
2) Temporary ban on article submission to the Korean Society of Sports Biomechanics
(Duration to be determined based on the severity of the violation)

2. Multiple incidences of violating the code of research ethics


1) Permanent ban on article submission to the Korean Society of Sports Biomechanics
2) Notification(s) to relevant agencies